Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

Feline Calicivirus (FCV) is an infectious virus that is one of the main causes of respiratory infections in cats. The virus is able to mutate and develop new strains, much like the human flu, making vaccines not always effective.

Different strains of feline calicivirus cause different symptoms with varying severity ranging from discharge from the eyes and nose, fever, sores in the mouth, loss of appetite, lethargy, and in extreme cases, limping.

A severe form called Virulent Systemic geline Calicivirus (VS-FCV) has been found in shelters or in environments where many cats are housed together. This form is very contagious and can be fatal. Symptoms associated with Virulent Systemic Feline Calicivirus are sores on the skin, fluid buildup in the skin (edema), vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, and signs of pneumonia.

Microscopic view of Feline Calicivirus courtesy of WikiPedia

Feline Calicivirus is Highly Contagious and Easily Transmitted

Spread through the air.
Feline Calicivirus can be spread through the air by droplets and droplet nuclei that are released when a cat sneezes. While most of the droplets fall to the ground, contaminating the surface on which it lands, the virus can also survive on tiny dust particles or dander and survive for hours traveling throughout your facility until inhaled by another host. Once ingested, these agents begin to wreak havoc within the upper respiratory tract.

Contact with contaminated objects.
If an infected cat drinks from a watering dish or uses a litter box, and another cat comes in contact with these objects, he could easily contract Feline Calicivirus. Proper sanitation is critical in keeping your animals healthy. Failing to wipe down counters or thoroughly wash feeding dishes could cause animals in your care to develop this nasty ailment.

Direct contact with infected cats.
If a healthy cat comes in contact with an infected cat’s saliva, eye or nasal discharge, or feces, the chances are high they, too, will become infected. Boarding facilities, daycares and other businesses where numerous animals are kept in close quarters, must take extra precautions to protect their facilities from the transmission of Feline Calicivirus. If you suspect a cat is infected, isolate him immediately.

The Best Treatment for Feline Calicivirus is to Prevent it by Being Proactive

Cat showing symptoms of Feline Calicivirus courtesy of Wikipedia

Treating Feline Calicivirus can be frustrating because, as a virus, antibiotics will help prevent secondary infections, but do not cure the calicivirus. Aside from avoiding direct contact with other cats, especially overcrowded situations, it is best to maintain cats’ vaccinations.

Cat showing symptoms of Feline Calicivirus courtesy of Wikipedia

Treating Feline Calicivirus can be frustrating because, as a virus, antibiotics will help prevent secondary infections, but do not cure the calicivirus. Aside from avoiding direct contact with other cats, especially overcrowded situations, it is best to maintain cats’ vaccinations.

Here are two primary ways you can protect your business by being proactive in the prevention of Feline Calicivirus:

1. Sanitize the Air.
Every animal care or service facility should have an air purification system to help eliminate the bacteria and viruses floating through the air. Feline Calicivirus can be transmitted through the air since the infected pathogens can survive on dust particles and dander for quite some time.

PetAirapy systems have been designed and tested to quickly deliver high disinfection rates
of Feline Calicivirus and other microorganisms that spread infection throughout animal care facilities.
view independent lab results

PetAirapy offers a number of air disinfectant units that are easily installed into your existing HVAC system as well as wall mounted units for facilities that rely on a light breeze from having doors and windows open. These air purifying units are sized to help sanitize the air flowing through your business – killing or deactivating the DNA of harmful and infectious micro-organisms brought into your building. Stand-alone units are available for facilities that do not have an HVAC system or want to disinfect a waiting room area.

2. Disinfect Everything.
Bowls, kennels, tables, litter boxes, and all equipment should be sanitized regularly using a bleach solution. Using traditional cleaners, such as bleach, can be effective yet time-consuming and there is a great chance for human error and missing particles; just one particle can infect an innocent host.

PetAirapy surface disinfectant units are used and recommended by veterinarians. Any and all surfaces illuminated by our powerful medical grade UV-C light can be sanitized from harmful culprits, including Feline Calicivirus, within minutes.

take the next steps to protect your business from Feline Calicivirus

Learn all about UVGI - What. How. Why.
Read testimonials from clients like you also concerned about Feline Calicivirus in their animal care businesses
FAQs
Learn about and view our products
Request a free consultation for help with your Feline Calicivirus concerns